INVESTIGADORES
FERREIRO nicolas Andres
artículos
Título:
Effects of macrophyte heterogeneity and food availability on structural parameters of the macroinvertebrate community in a Pampean stream
Autor/es:
FERREIRO NICOLAS ANDRES; FEIJOO CLAUDIA SILVINA; GIORGI, ADONIS; LEGGIERI, LEONARDO RAMON
Revista:
HYDROBIOLOGIA
Editorial:
SPRINGER
Referencias:
Lugar: BerlĂ­n; Año: 2011 vol. 664 p. 199 - 211
ISSN:
0018-8158
Resumen:
Environmental heterogeneity in natural ecosystems influences several parameters at the populationand community levels. In freshwater ecosystems, habitat heterogeneity can be provided by macrophyte species with different structural shapes. Previous studies suggest that aquatic plants with more complex architectures will support higher number, biomass, and taxon richness of macroinvertebrates than plants with simpler shape. We investigated the influence of macrophyte structural heterogeneity (quantified by fractal dimension) and food availability (represented by epiphytic biomass) on several parameters (number of individuals, biomass, body size distribution, taxon richness, and diversity) of the macroinvertebrate community in a Pampean stream. Four submerged macrophyte species (Egeria densa, Elodea ernstae, Ceratophyllum demersum, andStuckenia striata) and associated macroinvertebrates were sampled in late spring, summer, and autumn. Plants were photographed and fractal dimension was estimated from the images by the box-counting method. Fractal dimension was independent of plant surface area per unit of macrophyte biomass and differed significantly among species. Mean fractal dimension varied between 1.29 and 1.62, and increased following the sequence E. densa --> S. striata --> E. ernstae --> C. demersum. Macrophyte species with higher fractal dimension supported agreater abundance of macroinvertebrates, especially those of small body size (500?1,000 lm); but fractal dimension was unrelated to macroinvertebrate biomass, richness, and diversity. However, overall animal biomass was significantly associated to the epiphytic abundance. Consequently, macrophyte heterogeneity influences macroinvertebrate density and body size distribution, while animal biomass depends on epiphytic food resources provided by plants.