congresos y reuniones científicas
CAN LIFE TABLES BE USED TO IMPROVE MANAGEMENT OF THE WHEAT STEM SAWFLY?
PETERSON, R.K; BUTELER, M.; D. K. WEAVER
Conferencia; Fifth International Wheat Stem Sawfly Conference; 2012
Montana State University
Previous research has suggested that insect herbivores in protected environments have higher mortalities from biotic factors such as parasitism compared to herbivores in less protected situations, although overall mortalities in protected environments are often lower. However, this has not been examined using life table approaches. In this study, we used life table analytic methods to characterize the mortality dynamics of parasitism for pre-diapause wheat stem sawfly larvae, Cephus cintus Norton (Hymenoptera: Cephidae), a stem-mining wheat pest. Larvae were intensively sampled from commercial wheat fields at two locations in Montana, USA from 2005 through 2008. The feeding larvae present in the summer succumbed to only two mortality categories: parasitism and unknown factors. In Conrad, a location with relatively high densities of the parasitoids, mortality by parasitism was largely irreplaceable. In contrast, in Amsterdam, where parasitism did not occur to any appreciable degree, overall mortality remained relatively low.