Parasitism and the Demography of Wheat Stem Sawfly Larvae, Cephus cinctus
PETERSON, R.K; BUTELER, M.; D. K. WEAVER; MACEDO TULIO; ZHITAN SUN; OSCAR GERARDO PEREZ; GODSHEN R. PALLIPPARAMBIL
Año: 2011 p. 831 - 831
Previous research has suggested that insect herbivores in protected environments have higher mortalities from biotic factors such as parasitism compared to herbivores in less protected situations, although overall mortalities in protected environments are often lower.In this study, we used life table analytic methods to characterize the mortality dynamics of parasitism for pre-diapause wheat stem sawfly larvae, Cephus cintus Norton (Hymenoptera: Cephidae), a stem-mining wheat pest.Larvae were intensively sampled from commercial wheat fields at two locations in Montana from 2005 through 2008.The feeding larvae present in the summer succumbed to only two mortality categories: parasitism and unknown factors.In Conrad, a location with relatively high densities of the parasitoids, mortality by parasitism was largely irreplaceable. In contrast, in Amsterdam, where parasitism did not occur to any appreciable degree, overall mortality remained relatively low.