Comparative toxicity of nanostructured alumina and a commercial inert dust
STADLER, T.; BUTELER, M.; D. K. WEAVER; SOFIE, S
JOURNAL OF STORED PRODUCTS RESEARCH
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Año: 2012 p. 81 - 81
The widespread concern for environmental and human health has raised the need for new reduced-risk control strategies and the search for new chemical classes of pesticides. Recently, a novel type of particulate material, nanostructured alumina (NSA) has been found to induce mortality in insects exposed to wheat treated with NSA dust. Preliminary studies have shown insecticidal activity of NSA particles on two insect species, Sitophilus oryzae (L.), and Rhyzopertha dominica, (F.), major pests of stored grain. We investigated the toxicity of NSA and Protect-It diatomaceous earth (DE) using dry dust applications at three different relative ambient humidity levels. Results showed that NSA was more effective in killing S. oryzae than Protect-It and was equally toxic to R. dominica. Treatment with both products also reduced progeny production. t In addition, R. dominica was less susceptible to inert dusts than S. oryzae.. Our results suggest that NSA might prove a good alternative or complement to DE based products, and encourage further testing with other insect pests and systems, plus experiments on delivery options to further enhance NSA products. products, and encourage further testing with other insect pests and systems, plus experiments on delivery options to further enhance NSA products.