MALCHIODI Emilio Luis
Oral Multicomponent DNA Vaccine Delivered by Attenuated Salmonella Elicited Immunoprotection against American Trypanosomiasis
CAZORLA SI; MATOS M; CERNI N; SANCHEZ ALBERTI A; BIVONA A; RAMIREZ C; MORALES C; GUZMÁN CA; MALCHIODI EL
JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES
UNIV CHICAGO PRESS
Lugar: Chicago; Año: 2015 vol. 211 p. 698 - 707
We have reported that attenuated Salmonella (S) carrying plasmids encoding the cysteine protease cruzipain (Cz) protects against Trypanosoma cruzi infection. Here, we determined whether immunoprotection could be improved by the oral coadministration of 3 Salmonella carrying the plasmids that encode the antigens Cz, Tc52, and Tc24. SCz+STc52+STc24?immunized mice presented an increased antibody response against each antigen compared with those in the single antigen?immunized groups, as well as higher trypomastigotes antibody- mediated lyses and cell invasion inhibition compared with controls. SCz+STc52+STc24?immunized and ?challenged mice rendered lower parasitemia.Weight loss after infection was detected in all mice except those in the SCz+STc52+STc24 group. Moreover, cardiomyopathy-associated enzyme activity was significantly lower in SCz+STc24+STc52?immunized mice compared with controls. Few or no abnormalities were found in muscle tissues of SCz+STc24+STc52?immunized mice, whereas controls presented with inflammatory foci, necrosis, and amastigote nests.We conclude that a multicomponent approach that targets several invasion and metabolic mechanisms improves protection compared with single-component vaccines.