MALCHIODI Emilio Luis
Cytokines expression from altered motor thalamus and behavior deficits following sublethal administration of Shiga toxin 2a involve the induction of the globotriaosylceramide receptor
ARENAS-MOSQUERA, DAVID; PINTO, ALIPIO; CERNY, NATACHA; BERDASCO, CLARA; CANGELOSI, ADRIANA; GEOGHEGAN, PATRICIA ANDREA; MALCHIODI, EMILIO LUIS; DE MARZI, MAURICIO; GOLDSTEIN, JORGE
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Año: 2022 vol. 216 p. 115 - 124
Encephalopathy associated with hemolytic uremic syndrome is produced by enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) infection, which releases the virulence factors Shiga toxin (Stx) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Neurological compromise is a poor prognosis and mortality factor of the disease, and the thalamus is one of the brain areas most frequently affected. We have previously demonstrated the effectiveness of anti-inflammatory drugs to ameliorate the deleterious effects of these toxins. However, the thalamic production of cytokines involved in pro-inflammatory processes has not yet been acknowledged. The aim of this work attempts to determine whether systemic sublethal Stx2a or co-administration of Stx2a with LPS are able to rise a proinflammatory profile accompanying alterations of the neurovascular unit in anterior and lateral ventral nuclei of the thalamus (VA-VL) and motor behavior in mice. After 4 days of treatment, Stx2a affected the lectin-bound microvasculature distribution while increasing the expression of GFAP in reactive astrocytes and producing aberrant NeuN distribution in degenerative neurons. In addition, increased swimming latency was observed in a motor behavioral test. All these alterations were heightened when Stx2a was co-administered with LPS. The expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines TNFα, INF-γ and IL-2 was detected in VA-VL. All these effects were concomitant with increased expression of the Stx receptor globotriaosylceramide (Gb3), which hints at receptor involvement in the neuroinflammatory process as a key finding of this study. In conclusion, Stx2a to Gb3 may be determinant in triggering a neuroinflammatory event, which may resemble clinical outcomes and should thus be considered in the development of preventive strategies.