BASTIDAS NAVARRO marcela Alejandra
Large differences in bacterial community composition of nearby shallow lakes surrounded by Nothofagus pumilio forest in Patagonia (Argentina).
BASTIDAS NAVARRO, M.
JOURNAL OF PLANKTON RESEARCH
OXFORD UNIV PRESS
Lugar: Oxford; Año: 2022 vol. 44 p. 350 - 364
Freshwater ecosystems are integrated in a terrestrial landscape, receiving continuously soil and plant-derived material. In Patagonia, the deciduous beech Nothofagus pumilio constitutes an important source of organic matter for aquatic environments. Here, I attempted to analyze bacterial communities, including genetic diversity and metabolic functioning, in four nearby lakes located under a N. pumilio forest (Chall-Huaco Mountain, Argentina). I combined fieldwork and experiments to assess physicochemical characteristics, bacterial community composition (BCC), and Carbon (C)-consumption. Physicochemical variables analyzed with NMDS showed a clear segregation of all the studied lakes. Similarly, BCC differed among lakes, maintaining its differences regardless of the seasons. Variables that significantly affected bacterial community structuring were dissolved P concentration and protein-like DOM component. The number of specialist OTUs was higher than that of generalists, but the latter doubled specialists in number of sequences. The last suggests that generalists may be responsible for the differences in BCC among lakes, and species sorting appears to be the main mechanism structuring the metacommunity. These results showed that even at a small geographic scale distinctive bacterial communities can be developed in lakes under the influence of N. pumilio forest.