KOCHEN Sara Silvia
Psychiatric outcome of epilepsy surgery in patients with psychosis and temporal lobe drug-resistant epilepsy: A prospective case series
LUCIANA D'ALESSIO, LAURA SCÉVOLA, MÓNICA FERNANDEZ LIMA, SILVIA ODDO, PATRICIA SOLÍS, EDUARDO SEOANE, SILVIA KOCHEN
EPILEPSY & BEHAVIOR (PRINT)
ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2014 p. 165 - 165
Objectives: Temporal lobe resistant epilepsy has been associated with a high incidence of psychotic disorders; however, there are many controversies; while some patients get better after surgery from their psychiatric condition, others develop psychosis or de novo depression. The aim of this study was to determine the psychiatric and seizure outcome after epilepsy surgery in patients with a previous history of psychoses. Methods: Surgical candidates with temporal lobe drug-resistant epilepsy and a positive history of psychosis diagnosed during the presurgical psychiatric assessment were included. A two-year prospective follow-up was determined after surgery. The DSM-IV Structural Interview, GAF (global assessment of functionality, DSM-IV), Ictal Classification for psychoses, and Engel´s classification were used. The Student t test and chi-square?Fisher tests were used. Results: During 2000?2010, 89 patients were admitted to the epilepsy surgery program, 14 patients (15.7%) presented psychoses and were included in this series. After surgery, six patients (43%) did not develop any psychiatric complications, three patients (21%)with chronic interictal psychosis continued with no exacerbation, three patients (21%) developed acute and transient psychotic symptoms, and two patients (14%) developed de novo depression. Seizure outcome was Engel class I-II in 10 patients (71%). Total GAF scores were higher after surgery in patients found to be in Engel class I?II (p b 0.05). Conclusions: Patients with comorbid psychosis and temporal lobe drug-resistant epilepsymay benefit fromepilepsy surgery under close psychiatric supervision.