INSTITUTO INTERDISCIPLINARIO DE CIENCIAS BASICAS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Left ventricle segmentation using a Bayesian approach with distance dependent shape priors
CARDENAS, RODRIGO; MATO, GERMAN; CURIALE, ARIEL HERNAN
Biomedical Physics & Engineering Express
We propose a method for segmentation of the left ventricle in magnetic resonance cardiac images. The framework consists of an initial Bayesian segmentation of the central slice of the volume. This segmentation is used to locate a shape prior for the LV myocardial tissue. This shape prior is determined using the fact that the myocardium is approximately annular as seen in the short-axis. Then a second Bayesian segmentation is performed to obtain the final result. This procedure is repeated for the rest of the slices. An extrapolation of the area of the LV is used to determine a stopping criterion. The method was evaluated on the databases of the Cardiac Atlas project. Our results demonstrate a suitable accuracy for myocardial segmentation ( $approx 0.8$ Dice´s coefficient). For the endocardium and the epicardium the Dice´s coefficients are 0.94 and 0.9 respectively. The accuracy was also evaluated in terms of the Hausdorff distance and the average distance. For the myocardium we obtain 8 mm and 2 mm respectively. Our results demonstrate the capability and merits of the proposed method to estimate the structure of the LV. The method requires minimal user input and generates results with quality comparable to more complex approaches. This paper suggests a new efficient approach for automatic LV quantification based on a Bayesian technique with shape priors with errors comparable to state-of-the-art techniques.