INSTITUTO INTERDISCIPLINARIO DE CIENCIAS BASICAS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Multiple populations of Hβ emission line stars in the Large Magellanic Cloud cluster NGC 1971
ANDRÉS E. PIATTI
ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS
EDP SCIENCES S A
Lugar: Paris; Año: 2020 vol. 644 p. 1 - 4
We revisited the young Large Magellanic Cloud star cluster NGC 1971 with the aim of providing additional clues to our understanding of its observed extended Main Sequence turnoff (eMSTO), a feature common seen in young stars clusters,which was recently argued to be caused by a real age spread similar to the cluster age (∼160 Myr). We combined accurate Washington and Strömgren photometry of high membership probability stars to explore the nature of such an eMSTO. From different ad hoc defined pseudo colors we found that bluer and redder stars distributed throughout the eMSTO do not show any inhomogeneities of light and heavy-element abundances. These ?blue? and ?red? stars split into two clearly different groups only when the Washington M magnitudes are employed, which delimites the number of spectral features responsible for the appearance of the eMSTO. We speculate that Be stars populate the eMSTO of NGC 1971 because: i) Hβ contributes to the M passband; ii) Hβ emissions are common features of Be stars and; iii) Washington M and T1 magnitudes show a tight correlation; the latter measuring the observed contribution of Hα emission line in Be stars, which in turn correlates with Hβ emissions. As far as we are aware, this is the first observational result pointing to Hβ emissions as the origin of eMSTOs observed in young star clusters. The presence outcome will certainly open new possibilities of studying eMSTO from photometric systems with passbands centered at features commonly seen in Be stars.