ALVAREZ Maria Fernanda
Effects of macroalgae on the recruitment, growth, and body condition of an invasive reef forming polychaete in a south-western Atlantic coastal lagoon
BAZTERRICA, M CIELO; BRUSCHETTI, CARLOS MARTÍN; ALVAREZ, M FERNANDA; IRIBARNE, OSCAR; BOTTO, FLORENCIA
JOURNAL OF SEA RESEARCH
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2014 vol. 88 p. 121 - 129
Species interactions could mediate species invasive processes. In Mar Chiquita coastal lagoon (37° 40′S, 57° 23´W, Argentine), the invasive reef building polychaete Ficopomatus enigmaticus (Fauvel 1923) enhances the biomass of the red alga Polysiphonia subtilissima Montagne 1840 on reef surfaces, and excludes green macroalgae (mainly Cladophora sp. Kützing, 1843) from sediment between reefs. In turn, macroalgae could have several community structuring effects (e.g., as food or by competing for space). Therefore, macroalgae may affect F. enigmaticus. To evaluate this hypothesis we studied (1) the interaction between macroalgae andF. enigmaticus during the colonization of new substrates and (2) the effects of macroalgae on the recruitment, growth, and body condition of F. enigmaticus. Field sampling and experiments suggested a lack of competition on new substrates. However, there was a positive effect of macroalgae on F. enigmaticus during the warm season,since its recruitment, tube length, and body condition were higher in areas with macroalgae on reef surfaces. Considering that previous studies showed that reefs positively affect macroalgae, our results suggest that thereis a positive feedback on F. enigmaticus created by macroalgae on established reefs and during the reefs´ growing season. This interaction may contribute to the maintenance and growth of established reefs.