ALVAREZ Maria Fernanda
Effects of urban demand for food and water on physicochemicals and biotic structure of riverine wetlands in the Pampean plain
GÓMEZ, NORA; SIRI, AUGUSTO; CAPÍTULO, LEANDRO RODRIGUES; COLAUTTI, DARÍO CÉSAR; ALCALDE, LEANDRO; CAPÍTULO, ALBERTO RODRIGUES; DONATO, MARIANO; ALVAREZ, M FERNANDA; DE SOUZA, JAVIER RICARDO GARCÍA; JENSEN, ROBERTO FRANCISCO; BAUER, DELIA ELENA; MAROÑAS, MIRIAM; PAREDES DEL PUERTO, JUAN MARTÍN; ALTIERI, PAULA; ARMENDÁRIZ, LAURA CECILIA; BENITEZ, HERNÁN HUGO; CASSANO, MARÍA JULIA; CORTESE, BIANCA; GIORGI, HUGO DANIEL; DONADELLI, JORGE LUIS; GELIS, MARÍA MERCEDES NICOLOSI; GARCÍA, IGNACIO DANIEL; MAIZTEGUI, TOMÁS; PARACAMPO, ARIEL HERNÁN; SÁNCHEZ, ROCÍO MARÍA; SATHICQ, MARÍA BELÉN; CATANZARO, LUDMILA NOELIA SOLEDAD RODRÍGUEZ
Ecohydrology and Hydrobiology
Riparian areas of riverine plains develop extensive floodable areas named riverine wetlands, which are essential to the water cycle balance and ecosystem dynamics. In this study, we contrasted the hydrological and physicochemical variables of riverine wetlands of both peri-urban areas impacted by intensive farming and those of rural areas with the indicators of the biotic structure (taxonomic richness, Shannon diversity and total density) of benthic diatoms, phytoplankton, zooplankton, macroinvertebrates, chironomids, fishes, turtles, and birds. The study was performed on riverine waters of the Pampean plain, Argentina, with four seasonal samplings conducted in 2017?2018. Our results showed that the significant deepening of the groundwater level caused by aquifer overexploitation in peri-urban areas, as well as the declining surface water quality with higher phosphorus and total nitrogen concentrations, affected the taxonomic richness, diversity, and total density of the biotic assemblages of riverine wetlands. The taxonomic richness of birds, turtles, phytoplankton, chironomids, and fishes was the most sensitive to land use. Phytoplankton, chironomid, and fish diversity showed the greatest differences between rural and peri-urban riverine waters, while the total density of chironomids and birds showed the greatest differences according to land use. The results suggest that the socioeconomic development in those riverine wetlands that still maintain conditions close to the natural ones needs to be subject to guidelines derived from integrated basin management and sustainable urban planning.