RODRIGUES CAPITULO Alberto
Environmental or spatial components? Patterns that structure the assemblages of aquatic oligochaetes in Argentine Pampas streams
ARMENDÁRIZ L.; RODRIGUEZ, M.; RODRIGUES CAPÍTULO, A.
RIVER RESEARCH AND APPLICATIONS
JOHN WILEY & SONS LTD
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2022 vol. 38 p. 684 - 695
The metacommunity theory includes processes that contribute, at different scales, to the understanding of the distribution of organisms in space and aims to assess the relative importance of spatial and environmental factors in the structuring of communities. Fluvial ecosystems of the Argentine Pampas are characterized by their environmental heterogeneity from slow water courses and variable development of aquatic vegetation to faster courses. They are affected by the different land uses, which are among the main threats to biodiversity and alter the dispersal of the species. Forty-four species of aquatic oligochaete assemblages from 15 streams of nine Pampean basins were seasonally analyzed. The assemblages were characterized through estimations of taxonomic richness, α and β diversity. differences were found in the assemblages of the substrates (sediments and aquatic vegetation) within each stream, except for Juan Blanco stream. However, differences were found between streams, as well as between basins. The oligochaetes that contributed most to the dissimilarity among streams and basins were Nais communis, Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri, Dero obtusa and Stylaria fossularis. Two groups of sites were identified through the analysis of canonical correspondence: those of mountain basins and those of lowland basins. The variance partitioning showed that local environmental conditions (acting as environmental filters) accounted for 15.64 % in the ordering of the assemblages, while 14.60 % was explained by altitude and geographic factors (as a dispersal limitation). These results help to understand the processes that organize the distribution of organisms at different scales, which could have important implications when making decisions regarding biomonitoring and conservation. http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/rra..