CARBALLIDO Jose Luis
Osteology, paleohistology and phylogenetic relationships of dinosaur Pellegrinisaurus powelli (Dinosauria: Sauropoda) from the Upper Cretaceous of Argentinean Patagonia
CERDA I.; ZURRIAGUZ, V.; CARBALLIDO J. L.; GONZÁLEZ R.; SALGADO L.
CRETACEOUS RESEARCH (PRINT)
ACADEMIC PRESS LTD-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2021 vol. 128 p. 104957 - 104957
Pellegrinisaurus powelli is a large titanosaurian 24 sauropod from the Upper Cretaceous of northern Patagonia (R o Negro Province, Argentina). The holotype of this species comprises an incomplete femur, four dorsal and 26 caudal vertebrae collected from the Lago Pellegrini locality. A single middle caudal vertebra from the nearby Cinco Saltos locality has been more recently referred to Pellegrinisaurus. With the purpose of increasing our knowledge about the titanosaur faunas of the Upper Cretaceous of Patagonia, here we provide a detailed redescription of the holotype and referred specimens of Pellegrinisaurus, reviewing its diagnosis and phylogenetic position. A histological analysis of the femur of the holotype is also carried out. The diagnostic characters originally proposed for Pellegrinisaurus are here considered invalid because they either correspond with diagenetic deformations of the specimen or are present in other titanosaurs. The new diagnostic features are related with the presence of large lateral blind fossae with distinct dorsal rims in the anterior caudal centra and with two low longitudinal ridges on the posterior side of the femur shaft (one originated from the trochanteric shelf and extending to the distal third of the shaft and other originated at a level below the fourth trochanter and extending to the distal third of the shaft). The phylogenetic analysis recovers Pellegrinisaurus as a non-saltasaurid lithostrotian, closely related with Alamosaurus sanjuanensis . The bone histology indicates that the holotype corresponds to a subadult (i.e. sexually mature but still growing) individual. Finally, the caudal vertebra previously attributed to Pellegrinisaurus cannot be referred to this genus and is here assigned to Titanosauria indet.