FANTIN Maria Alejandra
congresos y reuniones científicas
The use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in the study of health inequalities. Its application in North-eastern Argentina
FANTIN, MARÍA ALEJANDRA; MEICHTRY, NORMA C.
Congreso; XXVI IUSSP International Population Conference; 2009
International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP)
In this paper, the geographical area of study comprises the provinces of Chaco, Formosa, Corrientes and Misiones, all located in Northeastern Argentina. They conform one of the most marginal regions of the country, not only from the geographical perspective but also from the economic, cultural and social perspective. The statistical information used belongs to different sources and agencies according to the requirements of the topics discussed. To pursue the socio-economic and demographic analysis the data used come from the National Census of Population and Housing 2001 from Argentina. The data concerning the health conditions of the existing population and sanitary facilities were provided by the Directorate for Health Statistics and Information from the Ministry of Health of the Nation. This paper shows the importance and usefulness of working with multivariated analysis and quantitative techniques to build spaces that serve as models of socio-spatial behavior. Besides the analysis of the variables used enabled the definition of sectors that combine differently socio-demographic attributes, population and the availability of health services. Thus, it revealed the existing inequalities in health and defined the priorities in each of these sectors.