MATERA Juan Mauricio
Factorization and entanglement in general XYZ spin arrays in nonuniform transverse fields
ROSSIGNOLI, RAUL; CANOSA, NORMA; MATERA, JUAN MAURICIO
PHYSICAL REVIEW A - ATOMIC, MOLECULAR AND OPTICAL PHYSICS
AMER PHYSICAL SOC
Año: 2009 vol. 80 p. 62325 - 62331
We determine the conditions for the existence of a pair of degenerate parity breaking separable eigenstates in general arrays of arbitrary spins connected through XYZ couplings of arbitrary range and placed in a transverse field, not necessarily uniform. Sufficient conditions under which they are ground states are also provided. It is then shown that in finite chains, the associated definite parity states, which represent the actual ground state in the immediate vicinity of separability, can exhibit entanglement between any two spins regardless of the coupling range or separation, with the reduced state of any two subsystems equivalent to that of pair of qubits in an entangled mixed state. The corresponding concurrences and negativities are exactly determined. The same properties persist in the mixture of both definite parity states. These effects become specially relevant in systems close to the XXZ limit. The possibility of field induced alternating separable solutions with controllable entanglement side limits is also discussed. Illustrative numerical results for the negativity between the first and the jth spin in an open spin s chain for different values of s and j are as well provided.