HAIDAR Carla Nahir
Application of residual cooking oil to improve the production of a low-toxic biosurfactants extract
HAIDAR, CARLA NAHIR; MALIZIA, FLORENCIA; MENACHO MÁRQUEZ, MAURICIO; NERLI, BIBIANA BEATRIZ; PELLEGRINI MALPIEDI, LUCIANA
Bioresource Technology Reports
Año: 2022 vol. 20
Residual cooking oil (RCO) bioconversion into value-added products is one of the best options to manage this waste. Thus, the feasibility of producing lipopeptides by Pseudomonas syringae pv tabaci using this residue is reported for the first time. Surface activity, stability, and cytotoxicity of biosurfactants were explored by surface tension, emulsification indexes (EI24), and mammalian cell viability assays. It was demonstrated that a mixture of RCO and glycerol (1:1) as carbon source increased the production titer from 1.47 to 2.70 g/L, syringopeptin being the main component. The produced lipopeptides were able to reduce the water surface tension down to38 mN/m and emulsify effectively (EI up to 67 %) a wide variety of hydrophobic compounds at 0.10 g/L. Moreover, these lipopeptides at 1.0 g/L resulted to be highly compatible with mammalian cells (viability superior to 70 %), demonstrating that at the working concentrations are non-toxic and thus, adequate for food and pharmaceutical applications.