BAEZ german David
Effects of heat-treated beta-lactoglobulin and its aggregates on foaming properties
MORO, A.; BÁEZ, G. D.; BUSTI, P. A.; BALLERINI, G. A.; DELORENZI, N. J.
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Año: 2011 vol. 25 p. 1009 - 1009
The effects on foaming properties of the aggregates formed by heating concentrate beta-lactoglobulin solutions (55 mg mL-1, pH 6.8) at 85 ºC from 1 to 15 min were investigated. Structural characteristics (size and molecular conformation), hydrophobicity and protein aggregates proportion were also studied. All tested methods pointed at 3 min of heating as a critical time, in terms of conformational changes andaggregation processes. At this time, the most significant conformational changes took place: non-native monomers were present and the greatest amount of dimers and trimers was produced, which was proved with the results of gel densitometry of SDS-PAGE, fluorescence quenching and circular dichroism tests. Foamability and foam stability were both improved by pre-heating the protein. A constant proportion among beta-lactoglobulin species (monomer 51%, dimer 33% and trimer 16%), regardless the protein concentration, led to the same results on foaming properties, confirming the link with structural changes. Aggregates formed by heating beta-lactoglobulin up to 10 min produced more stabilized foams, slowing down disproportionation, because of the formation of stiffer films. The increase in surface hydrophobicity was considered a decisive factor in the improved foamability and hydrophobic interactions improved the foam stability trough the rapid formation of a viscoelastic film.