ESPELT Maria Victoria
Hormone uptake and morphological changes in cultured pituicytes exposed to oxytocin and vasopressin.
ESPELT MV, BILINSKI M, TRAMEZZANI JH.
Año: 1998 p. 103 - 108
Enzymatically dispersed cells, isolated from adult female rat neural lobes, were cultured for 7 days. Routine cultures showed pituicytes with compact, sometimes ovoid, cell bodies. The cytoplasmic processes of these cells exhibited several varicosities and made contact with neighboring cells forming networks. The cultured pituicytes were immunocytochemically characterized using antisera to glial fibrillary acidic protein and to S-100. Most pituicytes, when exposed during culture to oxytocin (OXY) and vasopressin (VP; 1 microM each), were devoid of their characteristic processes. Immunocytochemical staining for OXY or VP revealed that the pituicytes were capable of incorporating these hormones during culture. In cultures without added hormones, no significant staining reaction for OXY or VP could be detected. The lack of projections in pituicytes exposed to the hormones during culture is in agreement with the morphological changes observed by other authors in situ after acute hormone release. The uptake of OXY and VP may be indicative for a regulatory mechanism, by which the pituicytes control the amount of hormones present in the intercellular space.