DINOLFO Maria Ines
Interaction of methyl-jasmonate and Fusarium poae in bread wheat
DINOLFO M.I. (CORRESPONDING AUTHOR); MARTÍNEZ M. ; CASTAÑARES E.; VANZETTI L.S.; ROSSI F.; STENGLEIN S.A.; ARATA A.F.
The Brithish Mycological Society
Fusarium Head Blight (FHB) is a devastating disease that affects the grain yield and quality of essential crops such as wheat. In the last years, some Fusarium species have acquired particular importance as Fusarium poae. However, studies to evaluate F. poae-wheat interaction are still scarce. The interaction between F. poae and two bread wheat cultivars with different resistance levels against FHB was evaluated. Moreover, the application of methyl-jasmonate (MeJA) was evaluated as a possible tool to reduce the fungal presence. Our results showed that the MeJA treatment is isolate-dependent, reducing F. poae fungal growth. A decrease in fungal biomass was observed in the susceptible cultivar after MeJA application; however, no differences between inoculated and inoculated-MeJA treatments were observed in the resistant cultivar. Finally, the F. poae inoculation induces the expression of PR1-1 and PDF 1.2, being early in the resistant cultivar compared to the susceptible ones. The application of MeJA combined with the F. poae inoculation increased PR1-1 and PDF1.2 expressions in resistant cultivars. To our knowledge, this is the first study that evaluates the interaction between F. poae and wheat and the MeJA treatment as a possible management strategy against this important pathogen.