DI BATTISTA cristian Matias
Photoperiod affects female life history traits in temperate populations of Aedes aegypti from South America
RAÚL E. CAMPOS; CRISTIAN M. DI BATTISTA; MARÍA SOL DE MAJO; PEDRO MONTINI; SYLVIA FISCHER
BIOLOGICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY
WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2022
In many insects, short photoperiods induce females to lay diapausing eggs, which are associated with a reduction in female fecundity, and/or with an increase in their growth rate, allowing for a larger size at adulthood. The effects of short photoperiods may also differ among populations, depending on the different selection pressures imposed by the winter conditions. Thus, this study aimed to experimentally assess the effects of short photoperiods on Aedes aegypti, an invasive mosquito species that also vectors several viral diseases. We compared life history parameters of the females reared from the first larval instar under contrasting photoperiods, in two populations from the temperate region of Argentina, one with a milder winter (BA) and the other with a harsher winter (SB). The results showed a significant increase in the time to oviposition, a trend to a larger size of females (significant only for SB) and higher inhibition of egg hatching (more pronounced in SB), in response to short photoperiods. No differences in fecundity were detected among treatments. The different reaction norms of the populations in female body size and egg hatching response suggest an adaptation to local conditions, which might favour a further expansion of A. aegypti towards colder climates.