TOMAS Mabel Cristina
capítulos de libros
Characterization and Functionality of by-products from chia (Salvia hispanica L.) seeds of Argentina
MI CAPITANI; S M NOLASCO; TOMÁS MC
Dietary Fibre: Sources, Properties and their relationship to Health
Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
Lugar: Hauppauge, NY; Año: 2013; p. 141 - 158
The aim of this chapter was to characterize the physicochemical and functional properties of meals (M) and fibrous and protein fractions (FRF and PRF, respectively) of chia seeds, and to compare the effect of oil extraction methods (cold pressing -p- and solvent -s- extraction) and sieving processes on these properties. Both methods affected the properties of meals and their corresponding residual fractions. Mp, FRFp and PRFp showed a significantly higher residual oil content than Ms, FRFs and PRFs (11.39, 10.85, 13.40, 0.21, 0.21 and 0.31% dry basis, respectively). After sieving both meals, two fractions were obtained: one retained on the sieve mesh, with an increase in fiber content, and the other one with an increase in protein content. Total dietary fiber and its respective components (soluble and insoluble dietary fiber) were significantly higher in FRF than in the other samples. All samples exhibited a high antioxidant activity. By-products of the solvent extraction process exhibited better functional properties than those corresponding to cold-pressing extraction. The physicochemical and functional properties of chia by-products make them important ingredients for the food industry (formulation and development of various products) and, from the physiological standpoint, for the prevention of diseases such as cholesterol, diabetes and constipation.