Human reconsolidation does not always occur when a memory is retrieved: The relevance of the reminder structure
FORCATO, CECILIA; ARGIBAY, PABLO; PEDREIRA, MARÍA EUGENIA; MALDONADO, HÉCTOR
NEUROBIOLOGY OF LEARNING AND MEMORY
ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Año: 2009 p. 50 - 50
Memory reconsolidation is defined as a process in which the retrieval of a previously consolidated memory returns to a labile state which is then subject to stabilization. The reminder is the event that begins with the presentation of the learned cue and triggers the labilization-reconsolidation process. Since the early formulation of the hypothesis, several controversial items have arisen concerning the conditions that define reconsolidation.It is herein proposed that two diagnostic features characterize reconsolidation, namely: the labilization of the reactivated memory and the specificity of the reminder structure. To study this proposal, subjects received two different training sessions on verbal material on Day 1 and Day 2, respectively. Finally, they were tested for the first and second acquired memories on Day 3. It is demonstrated that the human declarative memory fulfills the two requirements that define the process. First, the reactivated memory is impaired by a new learning only when it is given closely after the reminder, revealing that the memory is labilized. Second, the omission of at least one of the reminder?s components prevents labilization.Therefore, results show that the new learning fails to produce an amnesic effect on the target memory either when the reminder omits the learned cue or includes the beginning of the reinforcement.