International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology
J.M. SANTILLÁN; A. CANEIRO; F.C. LOVEY; N. QUARANTA; A.R. BOCACCINI
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPLIED CERAMIC TECHNOLOGY
WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Año: 2010 vol. 7 p. 30 - 40
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs)/La0.6Sr0.4Co0.8Fe0.2O3−δ (LSCF) composite films have been fabricated by electrophoretic codeposition on Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (CGO) substrates. CNTs are used as a sacrificial phase to produce ordered porous LSCF cathodes for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells. The synthesis of LSCF powder by a modified solgel route is presented. The possible mechanism of formation of CNT/LSCF composite nanoparticles in suspension is discussed. Moreover the optimal suspension composition and the conditions for achieving successful electrophoretic deposition (EPD) of CNTs/LSCF composite nanoparticles were evaluated. Experimental results showed that the CNTs were homogeneously distributed and mixed with LSCF nanoparticles forming a mesh-like structure, which resulted in a highly porous LSCF film when the CNTs were burned out during heat treatment in air at 800°C for 2 h. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques were employed to characterize the microstructure of the precursors and of the composite films.