LAMBERTUCCI Sergio Agustin
congresos y reuniones científicas
Sharing the air with wildlife: patterns, processes and conservation in 3D
Conferencia; Ornithological Congress of the Americas; 2017
Association of Field Ornithologists, Sociedade Brasileira de Ornitologia y Aves Argentinas
Major human impacts have been produced in land and water ecosystems, but new technology that increases the possibilities to use the airspace creates new wildlife human conflicts also in the air. The airspace is used by humans and wildlife and is studied interdisciplinary (from ecological, geographical, and atmospheric perspectives) by the Aeroecology. However, no many concerns on the conservation of this habitat have been raised. I will discuss how human?s use of the airspace affects aerial wildlife and ecological processes and will provide suggestions for a conservation approach of the problem within the Aeroconservation framework. Flying species may spend much time in the air, and use it for several vital behaviors (feeding, breeding, etc.). Humans are increasingly using the airspace for transport, building structures that modify this habitat, and releasing contaminants which overlap with wildlife. These impact species distribution, habitat use, demography, and produce human-wildlife conflicts. Till now, most conservation strategies have focused on the time species spend on the ground or the water (eg., breeding, feeding or stopover areas). So far, a 3D integrative approach to the conservation requirement of wildlife and ecological processes (migration, dispersion, pollination) in the airspace has not been developed; neither has clear policy strategies to protect the airspace and to reduce the conflicts between humans and wildlife in this habitat. Current challenge is the design of novel conservation strategies for this key habitat considering species and ecological processes being affected, at the time they reduce the risks and the conflicts for both humans and wildlife when using the airspace.