SÁNCHEZ RESTREPO AndrÉs Fernando
The genomic architecture of inversion clines in a grasshopper species group with a complex biogeographic history
GUZMAN, NOELIA; KEMPPAINEN, PETRI; MONTI, DANIELA; CASTILLO, ELIO; RODRIGUERO, MARCELA; SANCHEZ RESTREPO, ANDRÉS; CIGLIANO, MARÍA; CONFALONIERI, VIVIANA ANDREA
WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2021
PREPRINT DOI: 10.22541/au.162806301.19772449/v1Chromosomal inversions play a role in the adaptation and diversification of diferent systems, mainly due to supergenes resulting from recombination suppression. Supergenes are clusters" of genes in linkage disequilibrium (LD) whose frequencies may be associated with environmental variables. The grasshopper species complex" Trimerotropis pallidipennis is considered to have several genetic lineages distributed from North to South America in arid and semi-arid high-altitude environments. The southernmost lineage, Trimerotropis sp., bears 4 to 7 putative inversion polymorphisms with clinal variation, possibly allowing adaptation to temperate environments. We analyzed chromosomal, mitochondrial and genome-wide SNP markers in 19 Trimerotropis sp. populations mainly distributed along two altitudinal gradients (MS and Ju). We show that populations across Argentina are formed by two main chromosomally and genetically diferentiated lineages: one distributed in the southernmost border of the Andes Centrales", adding evidence for a diferentiation hotspot in this area; and the other widely distributed in Argentina. Within the latter, genomic architecture analysis revealed four clusters of loci in high LD that correspond to inversions, of which at least one is associated to a chromosomal rearrangement, corming its status as rue inversion". We demonstrated the stability of chromosome polymorphisms for more than 20 generations and the occurrence of non-neutral markers associated with inversions and environmental variables. Inversion clines could be the consequence of coupling between extrinsic postzygotic barriers, leading to a hybrid zone, and spatially varying selection along environmental gradients. These results provide a framework for future investigations about candidate genes implicated in the rapid adaptation to new environments.