INVESTIGADORES
ALARCON laureano Martin
artículos
Título:
Influence of docosahexaenoic acid on the interfacial behavior of cholesterol-containing lipid membranes: Interactions with small amphiphiles and hydration properties
Autor/es:
MENÉNDEZ, C.A.; VERDE, A.R.; ALARCÓN, L.M.; ACCORDINO, S.R.; APPIGNANESI, G.A.
Revista:
BIOPHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
Editorial:
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Referencias:
Año: 2023 vol. 301
ISSN:
0301-4622
Resumen:
Cholesterol is known to significantly modify both the structural and the dynamical properties of lipid membranes. On one side, the presence of free cholesterol molecules has been determined to stiffen the membrane bilayer by stretching the hydrophobic tails. Additionally, recent experimental and computational findings have made evident the fact that cholesterol also alters the dynamics and the hydration properties of the polar head groups of DPPC model lipid membranes. In turn, we have recently shown that the Omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid, DHA, counteracts the effect of cholesterol on DPPC membrane´s mechanical properties by fluidizing the bilayer. However, such behavior represents in fact a global outcome dominated by the larger lipid hydrophobic tails that neither discriminates between the different parts of the membrane nor elucidates the effect on membrane hydration and binding properties. Thus, we now perform molecular dynamics simulations to scrutinize the influence of DHA on the interfacial behavior of cholesterol-containing lipid membranes by characterizing their hydration properties and their binding to amphiphiles. We find that while cholesterol destabilizes interactions with amphiphiles and slightly weakens the lipid´s hydration layer, the incorporation of DHA practically restores the interfacial behavior of pure DPPC.