Inca landscapes in Kollasuyu. The case of Quebrada de Humahuaca (Jujuy, Argentina)
MARÍA BEATRIZ CREMONTE; CLARISA OTERO; PABLO ADOLFO OCHOA; AGUSTINA SCARO
International Journal of South American Archaeology
Año: 2019 vol. 15 p. 47 - 60
The creation of Inca landscapes in distant areas of the Inca Empire is a topic of current debate and research. We posit that the Inca state operated a versatile set of state policies that responded to distinct local conditions and that, consequently, the Empire was comprised of a mosaic of different landscapes. In Quebrada de Humahuaca, the combined analysis of a number of elements allowed us to infer the nature and degree of state intervention. At Pucara de Tilcara, which appears to have functioned as a political, administrative, productive and religious center, we have documented the specialized production of luxury lapidary goods (e.g. alabaster). We also highlight the Inca interest in the resources of the eastern valleys and yungas to the south. The distinct economic and social processes observed in the Humahuaca valley, initiated during the Late Intermediate Period and subsequently amplified by the Inca, formed the basis of a regional social dynamic and identity that lasted into Colonial times.