GIRONACCI Mariela Mercedes
Fetal and postnatal zinc restriction: sex differences in the renal renin-angiotensin system of newborn and adult Wistar rats
GOBETTO, MARÍA NATALIA; MENDES GARRIDO ABREGÚ, FACUNDO; CANIFFI, CAROLINA; VEIRAS, LUCIANA; ELESGARAY, ROSANA; GIRONACCI, MARIELA; TOMAT, ANALÍA LORENA; ARRANZ, CRISTINA
JOURNAL OF NUTRITIONAL BIOCHEMISTRY
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Año: 2020 vol. 81
This study aimed to evaluate renal morphology and the renal renin-angiotensin system in 6- and 81-day-old male and female offspring exposed to zinc deficiency during fetal life, lactation and/or postnatal growth. Female Wistar rats were fed low- or control zinc diets from pregnancy to offspring weaning. Afterwards, offspring were fed a low- or a control zinc diet until 81 days of life. In 6- and/or 81-day-old offspring, we evaluated systolic blood pressure, renal morphology, renal angiotensin II and angiotensin 1-7 concentration, and AT1 and AT2 receptors and angiotensin-converting enzymes protein and/or mRNA expression. At 6 days, zinc-deficient male offspring showed decreased glomerular filtration areas, remodelling of renal arteries, greater number of renal apoptotic cells, increased levels of Angiotensin II, higher Angiotensin II/Angiotensin 1-7 ratio and increased angiotensin-converting enzyme 1, AT1 and AT2 receptors mRNA and/or protein expression. Exacerbation of the renal Ang II/AT1 receptor axis and remodelling of renal arteries were also observed in adult zinc-deficient male offspring. An adequate zinc diet during post-weaning life did not improve all the alterations induced by zinc deficiency in early stages of development. Female offspring would appear to be less sensitive to zinc deficiency with no increase in blood pressure or significant alterations in renal morphology and the renin-angiotensin system. Moderate zinc deficiency during critical periods of prenatal and postnatal development leads to early morphological renal alterations and to permanent and long-term changes in the renal renin-angiotensin system that could predispose to renal and cardiovascular diseases in adult life.