RAMOS susana Beatriz
congresos y reuniones científicas
Phase transformation in diffusion-reaction Cu/In couples
Río de Janiero
Congreso; 11th. Internacional Conference on Advanced Materiales ? VIII Encontro SBPMat.; 2009
Institución organizadora:
Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisas em Materiais
 The binary Cu-In system presents some complexity and shows contradictions in the literature, especially in the 33-38 %at  In. In 1989 Subramanian et al. [1] proponed a phase diagram with some imprecision in the 32-100% In. Based on that study Jain et al. [2] suggested the existence of 5 phases h, A, A´, B and C for the range of 31 to 45% In. Later Bolcavage et al. in 1993 [3] investigated the 33-60%In region and they report the presence of only 2 phases  eta and eta´. In 1997 Elding-Pontén  et al. [4] confirm by electron diffraction the presence of  B and C phases proposed early by Jain et al. [2], while the h, A and A? are attribute to only one phase, named A. Recently Bahari et al. [5] in 2003 using DSC found only two phases  eta and eta´, confirming a transition temperature of 388.3 ° C for the reaction eta to eta´, which was proposed by Bolcavage et al. [3] at 389 °C. For In-rich regions Bahari et al. [5] found  an endothermic peak at 276.6 °C corresponding to  the reaction eta + Cu11In9 which is indicated in the phase diagram with dotted lines [3]. The crystal structure proposed for the high temperature phase eta´ is the B81 hp4 P63/mmc and the prototype is the NiAs. There is uncertainty about the structure of the low temperatures phase eta. This could display one or more alternative structures based on the type hp6 (B82: InNi2)/hp4 or orthorhombic. Those and the other phases associated for this system are of special interest since In and Sn are used in Pb-free solders to bong Ag, Al, Au, Cu, Ni substrates forming complex multicomponent systems [6-8]. The growth of the intermetallic phases in the couples follows a parabolic behavior in the whole temperature range. A delay was found in the formation of the second intermetallic phases after the complete consumption of the In liquid phase. The XRD analysis showed the changes in the crystal structure parameters with the annealing times and temperatures in the couples.  References  [1] P.R. Subramanian and D.E. Laughin: Bull. Alloy Phase Diagrams 10, 554 (1989) [2] K.C. Jain, M. Ellner, K. Schubert, Z. Metallkunde 63, 456 (1972) [3] A. Bolcavage, S.W. Chen, C.R. Kao, Y.A.Chang,A.D. Romig Jr, J. of Phase Equilibria 15, 14 (1993) [4] M. Elding-Pontén, L. Stenberg, S. Lidin, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 261, 162 (1997) [5] Z. Bahari, E. Dichi, B. Legendre, J. Dugu¨¦, Thermochimica Acta 401, 131, (2003) [6] Sommadossi S., Gust W., Mittemeijer E.J., Mater. Sci. Technol. 19:4 (2003) 528-534. [7] Sommadossi S., Litynska L., Zieba P., Gust W., Mittemeijer E.J.,Mater. Chem. Phys. 81:2-3 (2003) 566-568. [8] Sommadossi S., Gust W., Mittemeijer E.J.,Mater. Chem. Phys. 77:3 (2002) 924-929. original interface