INSTITUTO DE LAS CULTURAS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
capítulos de libros
GRECO, CATRIEL; WYNVELDT, FEDERICO; ALVAREZ LARRAIN, ALINA
Political Landscapes of the Late Intermediate Period in the Southern Andes
Lugar: Cham; Año: 2018; p. 1 - 9
The Late Intermediate Period or LIP (ca. AD 1000?1430) in the Andes is a span of time that follows the decline of the Wari and Tiwanaku states. Beyond regional variations, there is consensus that the LIP is characterized by processes of social complexity, regional population growth, cooperative and competitive relationships (including warfare). Archaeological evidence indicates that some pukara, a word that means ?fortress? or ?castle? in both Aymara and Quechua, functioned as fortified refuges?temporary shelters for people to congregate in times of conflict (or threats of conflict). Meanwhile, a high number of conglomerate towns in strategic positions shows evidence of permanent residence. However, we cannot consider the LIP political landscapes and life in agglomerated or fortified hilltops villages without also addressing semi-conglomerate towns, the economic areas where food and goods were produced and processed, and the ritual loci that were of religious importance for these communities. This book has nine case studies covering a large geographic area within the Southern Andes crossing the national barriers that tend to atomize the study of pre-Hispanic landscapes; and a wide range of themes such as: intra-site architectural and spatial regularities; analysis of accessibility and visibility; chullpas and chullpa-type structures; evidence of rock art; spatial configurations and regional settlement patterns; social-environmental relationships; ethnic identity and social differentiation and the temporality of landscapes. We believe that this updated contribution on the southern Andes will provide new theoretical and methodological perspectives in the study of political landscapes of the LIP at the time it can be a good bibliography reference for researchers interesting in the same topic in northern latitudes.