INSTITUTO ARGENTINO DE NIVOLOGIA, GLACIOLOGIA Y CIENCIAS AMBIENTALES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
THE LARGE-BODIED DICYNODONT STAHLECKERIA (SYNAPSIDA, ANOMODONTIA) FROM THE UPPER TRIASSIC (CARNIAN) CHAÑARES FORMATION (ARGENTINA); NEW DATA FOR TRIASSIC GONDWANAN BIOGEOGRAPHY
MANCUSO, ADRIANA; IRMIS, RANDALL
ASOCIACION PALEONTOLOGICA ARGENTINA
Lugar: Buenos Aires; Año: 2019
The non-marine Triassic displays distinct regional differences in tetrapod fossil assemblages even in adjacent regions, and these patterns have been hypothesized to reflect provincialism. For example, in the ?Middle Triassic? of Gondwana, the Río Seco de la Quebrada Formation (Puesto Viejo Group) in western Argentina shares a number of taxa with the Cynognathus AZ of the Burgersdorp Formation (Karoo Basin) in SouthAfrica. In contrast, the nearly Chañares Formation of northwestern Argentina is compositionally distinct and shows more affinities with the Dinodontosaurus AZ of the lower Santa Maria Formation in southern Brazil and the top of the upper Omingonde Formation of Namibia. These problems are exacerbated by recent radioisotopic dates from the Chañares Formation and the Puesto Viejo Group suggest these units are actually Carnian in age. We provide new data for the biostratigraphy and biogeography of these units in the form of the first record of a stahleckeriine dicynodont from the Chañares Formation, an ulna referable to Stahleckeria. This new occurrence strengthens the correlation between Chañares, Santa Maria, and the top of Omingonde units but reinforces the differences with the Río Seco de la Quebrada and Burgersdorp units. Hypotheses for this provincialism include assemblages of different ages,distinct environments controlled by paleolatitude or paleotopography between basins that formed a barrier to faunal interchange.