INSTITUTO ARGENTINO DE NIVOLOGIA, GLACIOLOGIA Y CIENCIAS AMBIENTALES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Ecological conditions and isotopic diet (13C and 15N) of Holocene caviomorph rodents in Northern Patagonia
ANDREW UGAN; ADOLFO GIL; FERNANDO J. FERNÁNDEZ; GUSTAVO NEME; ANDREW UGAN; ADOLFO GIL; FERNANDO J. FERNÁNDEZ; GUSTAVO NEME
JOURNAL OF ARID ENVIRONMENTS
ACADEMIC PRESS LTD-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2016 vol. 127 p. 44 - 52
This work improves our knowledge about the relationship between diet and environmentamong Northern Patagonian caviomorph rodents. In order to characterize long-termindividual diets, we present δ13C and δ15N data from osteological remains of the caviomorph rodents Dolichotis patagonum, Myocastor coypus, Lagostomus maximus, Lagidium viscacia, Microcavia australis, Galea leucoblephara and Ctenomys sp., recovered from archaeological and recent contexts. These data are analyzed by temporal and geographic context and compared with the previous dietary studies based on macroremains and microhistological analysis. Significative differences were found between rodents from Monte and Patagonian phytogeographic provinces, as well as between archaeological and modern members of the genus Ctenomys, indicating diet changes between Late Holocene and recent times individuals, that could confirm the climatic variations and/or the recent overgrazing effect. The results indicate trends in rodent diets of 20th and 21th centuries were different to those of the Late Holocene, suggesting a decrease in precipitation and/or an increase of the summer pattern of the same, and/or an increase of mean annual temperature. In addition, this work confirms the generalist strategy of several taxa, although mainly in Ctenomys, which its diet co-varies with these environments.