INSTITUTO ARGENTINO DE NIVOLOGIA, GLACIOLOGIA Y CIENCIAS AMBIENTALES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
FLUID INCLUSION AND STABLE ISOTOPE STUDIES AT DON SIXTO, A PRECIOUS METAL LOW SULFIDATION DEPOSIT IN MENDOZA PROVINCE, ARGENTINA
MUGAS LOBOS , ANA CECILIA; MÁRQUEZ-ZAVALÍA MARÍA FLORENCIA
WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2013 vol. 63 p. 350 - 359
The Don Sixto mining area is an epithermal low sulfidation Au-Ag deposit located in Mendoza province, in central western Argentina. It is a small deposit (~4 km©÷), with a gold resource of 36 t. In Don Sixto, ore minerals are disseminated in the hydrothermal quartz veins and hydrothermally altered volcanic-pyroclastic rock units of Permian-Triassic age. On the basis of the texture, ore mineral paragenesis and cross cutting relationship of gangue minerals, seven stages of mineralization were recognized and described. The first sixth stages are characterized by quartz veins with minor amounts of base metal minerals and the last stage is represented by fluorite veins with minimal quantities of base metal minerals; the precious metal mineralization is mainly related to the fourth stage. The hydrothermal veins exhibit mainly massive, crustiform and comb infilling textures; the presence of bladed quartz replacement textures and quartz veins with adularia crystals are indicative of boiling processes in the system. Fluid inclusion and complementary stable isotope studies were performed in quartz, fluorite and pyrite samples from the vein systems. The microthermometric data were obtained from primary, biphasic (liquid-vapor) fluid inclusion assemblages (FIAs) in quartz and fluorite. The maximum values for salinity and homogenization temperature (Th) came from the stage IV where quartz with petrographic evidences of boiling has average values of 4.96 wt% NaClequiv. and 286.9¨¬C respectively. The lower values are related to the last stage of mineralization, where the fluid inclusions in fluorite have average salinities of 1.05 wt% NaClequiv. and average homogenization temperatures of 173.1¨¬C. The oxygen and sulfur isotopic fractionation was analyzed in quartz and pyrite. The calculated isotopic fractionation for oxygen in the hydrothermal fluid is in the range of ¥ä18OH2O= -6.92 up to -3.08¢¶, which indicates dominance of a meteoric source for the water, while sulfur reaches ¥ä34SH2S= 1.09¢¶, which could be reflecting a possible magmatic, or even a mixed source.