INSTITUTO ARGENTINO DE NIVOLOGIA, GLACIOLOGIA Y CIENCIAS AMBIENTALES
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Magnetovariational Information to Improve Distortion Diagnostics in Deep Magnetotelluric Soundings
IZVESTIYA-PHYSICS OF THE SOLID EARTH
Lugar: Moscu; Año: 2012 vol. 48 p. 766 - 783
Magnetovariational information to improve distortion diagnostics in deep magnetotelluric soundings E. Borzotta Unidad de Geofísica , Instituto Argentino de Nivología, Glaciología y Ciencias Ambientales (IANIGLA); Centro Científico ?Tecnológico, Concejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET). Casilla de Correo 330, (5500), Mendoza, Argentina e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Abstract An interpretative experience from nine magnetotelluric soundings was accomplished in the central region of Argentina (32° S ? 34° S; 63° W ? 69°W), from the Andean region in the west to the platform zone in the east. To do this, magnetovariational information was used to improve the distortion diagnostics in magnetotelluric curves. Using Pilar Geomagnetic Observatory as a reference site, horizontal magnetic transfer functions were estimated, which were compared with the integrate conductivity at each location in field. As a result, a rather simple methodology is proposed to better approach the accurate positions of normal curves. Results suggest that, in this way, better formal interpretations of soundings may be reached. In addition, a more clear and comprehensible knowledge about the nature of lateral in-homogeneities is obtained; e.g., discovering 3-D effects no suspected from tectonic maps. This methodology seems to be particularly useful when ?as in the present case- magnetotelluric soundings are far away each others; i.e., when effective volumes of soundings are not interpenetrated. Horizontal magnetovariational information suggests two elongate conductivity anomalies (about N25°-30° E), possibly associated with deep seated faults belonging to the South American regmatic network. These anomalies would be produced by partial melting in lower crust and possibly in the asthenospheric zone next to Andean Range. Another elongate anomaly (possibly of graphitic nature) is shown in the study region. It seems to be a marginal fault following the border between The Sierras Pampeanas dynamic zone and the South American craton. Magnetotelluric results indicate the study region can be considered as divided in a dynamic belt next to Andean Range and a cratonic zone eastward. The dynamic zone presents a well developed lower crust, with conductances ranging 300-4300 Siemens and depths of about 20-30 km. An asthenosphere close to the Andes with 1000 Siemens of conductance at 74 km depth is also observable. Heat flows of 63-70 mW/m2 are estimated next to Andes and 48 mW/m2, eastward, close to South American platform. The cratonic zone presents a first conductive layer with a conductance of 270 Siemens underneath BUL sounding site, but it does not seem to present lateral development. An intermediate conductive layer is also present in this region, but it does not have so much development. Therefore, this layer would not have asthenospheric character; so, the lithosphere would be tied to upper mantle. Heat flows ranging 40-35 mW/m2 were estimated for this cratonic region.