PEICHOTO Maria elisa
Autolysis at the disintegrin domain of patagonfibrase, a metalloproteinase from Philodryas patagoniensis (Patagonia Green Racer; Dipsadidae) venom
MARÍA E. PEICHOTO; ADRIANA F. PAES LEME; BIANCA A. PAULETTI; ISABEL CORREIA BATISTA; STEPHEN P. MACKESSY; OFELIA ACOSTA; MARCELO L. SANTORO
BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-PROTEINS AND PROTEOMICS
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2010 vol. 1804 p. 1937 - 1942
Patagonfibrase is a 57.5-kDa hemorrhagic metalloproteinase isolated from the venom of Philodryas patagoniensis (Patagonia Green Racer), a South American rear-fanged snake. Herein we demonstrate that patagonfibrase undergoes autolysis at its pH optimum (7.5) and at 37ºC, primarily producing a ~32.6 kDa fragment composed of disintegrin-like and cysteine-rich domains, as identified by mass spectrometry and N-terminal sequencing. The autolysis site for production of this fragment is similar to that observed for metalloproteinases from front-fanged Viperidae snake venoms. In the presence of Ca2+, patagonfibrase was only partially autolysed, giving rise mainly to one fragment of ~52.2 kDa. In addition, calcium markedly enhanced the azocaseinolytic activity of patagonfibrase. Our findings contribute to the understanding of the structural and mechanistic bases of this family of metalloenzymes that are widely distributed among snake venoms, demonstrating that important post-translational modifications such as proteolysis can also contribute to the diversity and complexity of proteins found in rear-fanged snake venoms.