PEICHOTO Maria elisa
Lonomia envenomation in Brazil: An epidemiological overview for the period 2007 - 2018
MARÍLIA MELO FAVALESSO; PABLO CUERVO; MILENA GISELA CASAFÚS; ANA TEREZA BITTENCOURT GUIMARÃES; MARÍA ELISA PEICHOTO
TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2021 vol. 115 p. 9 - 19
This study aimed to present an epidemiological overview of accidents with Lonomia registered by the Brazilian Reportable Disease Information System (SINAN) between 2007 and 2018. The categories of socio-demographic aspects of the victim, accident characteristics and clinical data (6,636 records) were analyzed, and revealed that the epidemiological profile of most of the victims presented at least one of the following characteristics: male, over 50 years old, ethnically classified as white, low level of education. Accidents in urban areas were as frequent as in rural areas. A higher frequency of non-work-related accidents was detected. Victims were mostly stung on the upper limbs. Most victims received medical care within the first 3 hours after the accident. Most cases were classified as mild, though twelve deaths were reported. The south states of Brazil concentrate the highest frequencies of accidents. Summer was the season with the greatest number of cases, and the majority of their notifications occurred between 2017 and 2018. These results provide an overall and current situation assessment of the lonomism in Brazil and should enable health authorities to improve the management of this envenomation in states/regions that share the high epidemiological risk of exposure to Lonomia.