PEICHOTO Maria elisa
Understanding toxicological implications of accidents with caterpillars Megalopyge lanata and Podalia orsilochus (Lepidoptera: Megalopygidae)
MATIAS NICOLAS SANCHEZ; JUIANA MOZER SCIANI; MARÍA AGUSTINA QUINTANA; MARÍA MERCEDES MARTÍNEZ; FLÁVIO LUIZ TAVARES; MICAELA ANDREA GRITTI; HUI WEN FAN; GLADYS PAMELA TEIBLER; MARÍA ELISA PEICHOTO
COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY. TOXICOLOGY & PHARMACOLOGY
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2019 vol. 216 p. 110 - 119
Dermal contact with Lepidoptera specimens at their larval stage (caterpillar) commonly causes local envenomation. Although the megalopygids Megalopyge lanata and Podalia orsilochus are common causative agents of accidents in the Misiones province, Northeastern Argentina, there is very little information about their venoms and their toxicological implications on human health. Thus, we employed proteomic techniques and biological assays to characterize venoms (bristle extracts) from caterpillars of both species collected from Misiones, Argentina. The electrophoretic profile of both venoms were substantially different, although proteins related to coagulation disturbance have been identified in both venoms. However, P. orsilochus venom exhibited higher caseinolytic activity than M. lanata venom, agreeing with the fact that only P. orsilochus venom hydrolyzed human fibrin(ogen). While the venom of M. lanata induced a mild inflammatory lesion in mouse skin, P. orsilochus venom caused prominent necrosis, inflammatory infiltration and hemorrhage at the site of venom injection. Altogether, this study provides relevant information about the pathophysiological mechanisms whereby both caterpillars can induce toxicity on human beings, and paves the way for novel discovery of naturally occurring bioactive compounds.