PEICHOTO Maria elisa
Inflammatory effects of patagonfibrase, a metalloproteinase from
MARÍA ELISA PEICHOTO; BIANCA CESTARI ZYCHAR; FLÁVIO LUIZ TAVARES; LUIS ROBERTO DE CAMARGO GONÇALVES; OFELIA ACOSTA; MARCELO LARAMI SANTORO
EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE
SOC EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY MEDICINE
Año: 2011 vol. 236 p. 1166 - 1172
Patagonfibrase is a P-III class metalloproteinase isolated from the venom of Philodryas patagoniensis, a South American rear-fanged "colubrid" snake responsible for accidents with clinical significance. Since local inflammatory reactions are conspicuous signs of snakebites inflicted by this species and taking into consideration that most snake venom metalloproteinases exhibit inflammatory activity, this study deals with the proinflammatory effects evoked by patagonfibrase. Herein, we demonstrate that patagonfibrase causes a time- and dose-dependent hemorrhagic edema when injected into mouse hind paws. The peak of edema occurred at 30 min after injection, and the minimum edematogenic dose was 0.021 µg. By histological analysis, the presence of moderate to marked edema and hemorrhage, and a mild inflammatory infiltrate was observed. When injected s.c. into the scrotal bag of mice, patagonfibrase induced cell recruitment with a significant alteration in physiological parameters of leukocyte-endothelium interaction. The presence of 1 mM o-phenanthroline, which chelates metal ions, significantly inhibited the proinflammatory effects induced by patagonfibrase. Taken together, these results imply that patagonfibrase is an important contributor to local inflammation elicited by P. patagoniensis envenomation, which may pave the way for novel therapeutic strategies to treat this snakebite. Moreover, our findings demonstrate for the first time that a venom metalloproteinase from a rear-fanged snake elicits proinflammatory effects mainly mediated by its catalytic activity.