SANSBERRO pedro Alfonso
Effect of fruit cryopreservation on in vitro germination of zygotic embryos of several species of Ilex.
MROGINSKI, L.; SANSBERRO, P.; SCOCCHI, A.; LUNA, C.; REY, H.
International Society for Horticultural Science
Lugar: USA; Año: 2007 vol. 725 p. 417 - 420
This report presents preliminary results from a study aimed to develop a protocol for fruit cryopreservation and the recovering of plants through zygotic embryo culture, as a tool for the conservation of Ilex spp. (Aquifoliaceae) genetic resources. Fruits from eight plant species were harvested and maintained at 4ºC for 1 month. Direct immersion of fruits in nitrogen liquid was lethal to the embryos of all the plant species tested. However, the embryos of five species (Ilex brasiliensis, I. dumosa, I. microdonta, I. paraguariensis, and I. pseudoboxus) dissected from fruits (with a cryoprotective solution containing 50% sucrose and 50% glycerol) cryopreserved using a slow freezing method (1ºC.min-1 until 40ºC) and stored in liquid nitrogen, when cultured in vitro, germinated with frequencies ranging from 3 to 23%. The embryos were cultured in vitro in darkness using a culture medium composed of ¼-strength Murashige and Skoog medium, with 3% sucrose, 0.65% agar and 0.1 mg.L-1 zeatin. The germinated embryos developed into normal plantlets after 60 days in culture. These results suggest that this methodology might be used for long-term germplasm storage of Ilex species.