congresos y reuniones científicas
Degradation of chloronitroaromatic compounds by the UV/H2O2 process: A simplifield equation for the evaluation of the optimal H2O2 concentration
LUCIANO CARLOS; JORGE L. LOPEZ; FERNANDO S. GARCÍA EINSCHLAG; ALBERTO L. CAPPARELLI; ESTHER OLIVEROS; ANDRE M. BRAUN
Simposio; XVIII IUPAC Symposium on Photochemistry; 2000
Several studies reported in the literature analyze the photoassisted oxidation of pollutants in aqueous solutions using the UV/H2O2 method. Low, medium or high pressure mercury arch lamps are frequently employed in this kind of studies. The kinetic and mechanistic interpretation of experimental results is relatively much simpler if monochromatic rather than polychromatic radiation sources are used. However, polychromatic lamps are broadly used at laboratory, pilot and industrial scale.We have recently published some studies on the photodegradation efficiency of nitroaromatic derivatives applying the UV/H2O2 technique. If monochromatic lamps are used, the maximum degradation rate is obtained if [H2O2]Opt = [S].(kS.eS/ kH.eH)1/2 (1) where S is the substrate, kS and kH are the rate constants with HO radicals, eS and eH are the extinction coefficients. In this communication we study the effect of the spectral distribution of the incident radiation on the UV/H2O2 process. Particularly, we analyze the photodegradation of pollutants in aqueous solutions using a typical half pressure mercury lamp, which presents a continuous background below 254 nm.