BONETTO Carlos Alberto
Toxicity Persistence of Chlorpyrifos in Runoff from Experimental Soybean Plots to the Non-target Amphipod Hyalella curvispina: Effect of Crop Management
MUGNI, H.; A, PARACAMPO; P. DEMETRIO; M. PARDI; G. BULUS; A. RONCO; C. BONETTO.
ARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION AND TOXICOLOGY
Lugar: Berlin; Año: 2015
Toxicity persistence to the non-target amphipod Hyalella curvispina in runoff events following chlorpyrifos applications to soy experimental plots was compared in conventional and no-till management. Two application scenarios were compared; an early season application with the soil almost bare and a late season application after the foliage had attained complete soil cover. H. curvispina was exposed to chlorpyrifos using two different test systems, a short-term (48 h) runoff water exposure and a long-term (10 d) soil exposure.Both commonly used crop management practices for soybean production resulted in runoff toxicity following pesticide applications and represent a toxicity risk for adjacent inland waters. Toxicity persistence was longer after the earlier than the late season application, likely because of higher volatilization and photodecomposition losses from the soy canopy than from the soil. For the early season application, toxicity persisted longer in the no-till plots than in the conventional tillage plots. Suspended matter was higher in the conventional treatment. Chlorpyrifos sorption to suspended matter likely contributed to the shorter persistence. For the late season application, toxicity persisted longer in the conventional treatment. The causes remain conjectural. The soil organic carbon content was higher in the no-till treatment. Sorption to organic matter might have contributed to the shorter chlorpyrifos toxicity persistence in no-till management. Late applications are more frequent and prevail longer throughout the soy growing season. Overall, the no-till management practice seems preferably because shorter toxicity persistence in runoff represents a lower environmental risk for the adjacent inland waters.