BONETTO Carlos Alberto
Toxicity persistence in runoff and soil from experimental soybean plots following insecticide applications.
A, PARACAMPO; H. MUGNI; P. DEMETRIO; M. PARDI; G. BULUS; M. ASBORNO; C. BONETTO.
JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND HEALTH. PART B - PESTICIDES, FOOD CONTAMINANTS, AND AGRICULTURAL WASTES
TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2012 vol. 47 p. 761 - 768
Persistence of toxicity in runoff water and soil was investigated in experimental soybean plots subjected to successive runoff events following pesticide application. Runoff events were produced by irrigation using a sprinkler system. The pesticides applied were cypermethrin and endosulfan, which are widely used in soy production in Argentina. Toxicity tests were performed on two abundant components of the regional fauna, the amphipod Hyalella curvispina and the fish Cnesterodon decemmaculatus. Runoffs from two pesticide applications were assayed at different stages of the growing season: an early application when the soil was almost bare and a late one close to harvest, when the ground was covered by vegetation and just before soy leaves fell. Toxicity to H. curvispina in runoff ceased almost one month after the early application of the two pesticides, while it persisted for over three months after the late application. Soil toxicity to H. curvispina and runoff toxicity to C. decemmaculatus followed the same pattern. Higher temperatures and solar radiation are likely to have enhanced insecticide degradation after the early application. Lower temperatures and solar radiation in combination with increased organic matter from litter probably contributed to the longer persistence of toxicity recorded after the late application, as compared with the early application. Cypermethrin caused no mortality to C. decemmaculatus after the early application, while endosulfan toxicity persisted for almost four months after the late one.