BONETTO Carlos Alberto
Nutrient and metal removal in a constructed wetland for waste-water treatment from a metallurgic industry.
A, MAINE; N, SUÑE; H, HADAD; G, SANCHEZ; BONETTO, C.
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2006 vol. 26 p. 341 - 347
This contribution summarizes the nutrient and metal removal of a free water surface constructed wetland, compares it with the previous small-scale prototype and discusses the observed differences. Several locally available macrophyte species were transplanted into the wetland. Eichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) showed a fast growth and it soon became dominant, attaining 80% cover of the wetland surface. Typha domingensis (cattail) and Panicum elephantipes (elephant panicgrass) developed as accompanying species attaining 14 and 4% cover. The wetland removed 86% of Cr and 67% of Ni. Zn concentrations were below 50 µg /l in most samplings. FeS precipitation probably caused the high retention of Fe (95%). The outcoming water was anoxic in most samplings. Phosphate and ammonium were not retained within the wetland while 70% and 60% of the incoming nitrate and nitrite were removed. Large denitrification losses are suggested. Cr, Ni and Zn were retained by the macrophytes in the larger wetland and in sediment in the small-scale one. Differences in the retention mechanism of the two wetlands are discussed.