MORATA vilma ines
Kinetic and metabolic behaviour of the pectinolytic strain Aureobasidium pullulans GM-R-22 during pre-fermentative cold maceration and its effect on red wine quality
MERÍN, MARÍA GABRIELA; MORATA DE AMBROSINI, VILMA INÉS
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD MICROBIOLOGY
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2018 vol. 285 p. 18 - 26
Pectinolytic yeasts can be applied to winemaking with the purpose of improving sensory and technological properties of wine because of their enzymes secreted during vinification. In this work, the autochthonous yeast-like pectinolytic strain from D.O. San Rafael viticulture region, Aureobasidium pullulans GM-R-22, was used in co-culture with Saccharomyces cerevisiae IOC 18-2007 in microvinification trials with Malbec must applying prefermentative cold maceration (PCM). A. pullulans remained viable during PCM and did not modify S. cerevisiae growth or fermentative kinetics. High pectinolytic activity (9.13 U/mg) was detected in mixed A. pullulans vinification during PCM, in which conditions of low temperature (8 °C), low pH (3.8) and high sugar concentration (250.6 g/L) governed. Mixed A. pullulans wine showed enhanced colour compared with pure S. cerevisiae wine, characterised by higher colour index and percentage of red colour, lower tonality and percentage of yellow colour, and negative values of b* and h* indicating more bluish and purplish tonalities. Moreover, filtration time and turbidity diminished by a 40% in mixed A.pullulans wine. The presence of GM-R-22 strain improved the production of desirable volatile compounds, such as esters and norisoprenoids, which displayed the maximum odour activity values (OAVs), whereas this strain reduced the total content of higher alcohols when compared to pure S. cerevisiae fermentation. Sensory analysis indicated that A. pullulans impacted on wine highlighting the violet hue, plum jam aroma, body and equilibrium that are distinctive features of Malbec variety. A. pullulans GM-R-22 seems to be promising for applying to low-temperature red winemaking as an adjunct culture to S. cerevisiae to improvethe wine quality and vinification process.