ANCAROLA MarÍa eugenia
Ultrastructural characterization of the tegument in protoscoleces of Echinococcus ortleppi
MILES, SEBASTIÁN; MAGNONE, JAVIER; GARCÍA-LUNA, JOAQUÍN; ANCAROLA, MARÍA EUGENIA; CUCHER, MARCELA; DEMATTEIS, SYLVIA; FRISCHKNECHT, FRIEDRICH; CYRKLAFF, MAREK; MOURGLIA-ETTLIN, GUSTAVO
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR PARASITOLOGY
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Cystic echinococcosis is a globally distributed zoonosis caused by cestodes of the Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s.l.) complex, with Echinococcus ortleppi mainly involved in cattle infection. Protoscoleces show high developmental plasticity, being able to differentiate into either adult worms or metacestodes within definitive or intermediate hosts, respectively. Their outermost cellular layer is called the tegument, which is important in determining the infection outcome through its immunomodulating activities. Herein, wereport an in-depth characterization of the tegument of E. ortleppi protoscoleces performed through a combination of scanning and transmission electron microscopy techniques. Using electron tomography, a three-dimensional reconstruction of the tegumental cellular territories was obtained, revealing a novel structure termed the ?tegumental vesicular body? (TVB). Vesicle-like structures, possibly involved in endocytic/exocytic routes, were found within the TVB as well as in the parasite glycocalyx, distal cytoplasm and close inner structures. Furthermore, parasite antigens (GST-1 and AgB) were unevenly localisedwithin tegumental structures, with both being detected in vesicles found within the TBV. Finally, the presence of host (bovine) IgG was also assessed, suggesting a possible endocytic route in protoscoleces. Our data forms the basis for a better understanding of E. ortleppi and E. granulosus s.l. structural biology.