BUONOCORE BIANCHERI maria josefina
Bionomics of Opius bellus (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), an endoparasitoid of Anastrepha fraterculus (Diptera: Tephritidae) in fruit-growing areas of Northwestern Argentina
SCHLISERMAN, PABLO; VAN NIEUWENHOVE, GUIDO ALEJANDRO; BEZDJIAN, LAURA PATRICIA; ALBORNOZ-MEDINA, PATRICIA; ESCOBAR, LORENA INÉS; BUONOCORE BIANCHERI, MARÍA JOSEFINA; ALTAMIRANO, JAVIER; ALUJA, MARTÍN; OVRUSKI, SERGIO MARCELO
BIOCONTROL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2014 vol. 24 p. 375 - 388
Opius bellus is a neotropical larval-prepupal parasitoid known to attack the pestiferous fruit fly, Anastrepha fraterculus. Due to interest in the use of native parasitoids in forthcoming fruit fly biocontrol programmes in Argentina, O. bellus was colonised for the first time using laboratory-reared A. fraterculus larvae. A series of experiments were conducted to (1) best achieve an efficient parasitoid rearing by determining optimal larval host age, host:parasitoid ratio and host exposure time and (2) assess their potential as biological control agents by determining reproductive parameters. The most productive exposure regimen was: 7-9 d-old (early and middle third-instars) A. fraterculus larvae for 4 h at a 4:1 host:parasitoid ratio; this array of factors was sufficient to achieve the highest average adult emergence (48%) and an offspring sex ratio at equitable proportion. Increasing both host:parasitoid ratio further than 4:1 and the host exposure time beyond 4 h did not significantly enhance parasitoid female offspring yield. Females produced eggs for 29.5 ± 1.4 days. At 32 days of age, 50% of the females were still alive. The majority of the progeny were produced by females between 20 and 24 d-old. At 26°C, gross fecundity rate, net reproductive rate, intrinsic rate of increase and mean generation time were 20.7 ± 4.2 offspring/female, 9.6 ± 2.5 females/newborn females, 0.06 ± 0.01 females/female/day and 8.4 ± 0.2 days, respectively. The long lifespan and reproductive parameters suggest that this parasitoid species has suitable attributes for mass-rearing.