LUQUET carlos Marcelo
Chlorpyrifos stimulates ABCC-mediated transport in the intestine of the rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss
DE ANNA, JULIETA S.; BIECZYNSKI, FLAVIA; CÁRCAMO, JUAN GUILLERMO; VENTURINO, ANDRÉS; LUQUET, CARLOS M.
PESTICIDE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY
ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Año: 2022 vol. 187
The organophosphorus pesticide chlorpyrifos, detected in water and food worldwide, has also been found in the Río Negro and Neuquén Valley, North Patagonia, Argentina, where the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, is one of the most abundant fish species. We analyzed whether chlorpyrifos affects the transport activity of the ATP-binding cassette protein transporters from the subfamily C (ABCC), which are critical components of multixenobiotic resistance. We exposed ex vivo O. mykiss middle intestine strips (non-polarized) and segments (polarized) for one hour to 0 (solvent control), 3, 10, and 20 μg L−1 and to 0, 10, and 20 μg L−1 chlorpyrifos, respectively. We estimated the Abcc-mediated transport rate by measuring the transport rate of the specific Abcc substrate 2,4-dinitrophenyl-S-glutathione (DNP-SG). In addition, we measured the enzymatic activity of cholinesterase, carboxylesterase, glutathione-S-transferase, and 7-ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD, indicative of the activity of cytochrome P450 monooxygenase 1A, CYP1A). We also measured lipid peroxidation using the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances method and the gene expression of Abcc2 and genes of the AhR pathway, AhR, ARNT, and cyp1a, by qRT-PCR. Chlorpyrifos induced the DNP-SG transport rate in middle intestine strips in a concentration-dependent manner (4971%). In polarized preparations, the induction of the DNP-SG transport rate was observed only in everted segments exposed to 20 μg L−1 chlorpyrifos (40%), indicating that CPF only stimulated the apical (luminal) transport flux. Exposure to chlorpyrifos increased GST activity by 42% in intestine strips and inhibited EROD activity (47.5%). In addition, chlorpyrifos exposure inhibited cholinesterase (3455%) and carboxylesterase (3342.5%) activities at all the concentrations assayed and increased TBARS levels in a concentration-dependent manner (71123%). Exposure to 20 μgL−1 chlorpyrifos did not affect the mRNA expression of the studied genes. The lack of inhibition of DNP-SG transport suggests that chlorpyrifos is not an Abcc substrate. Instead, CPF induces the activity of Abcc proteins in the apical membrane of enterocytes, likely through a post-translational pathway.