INVESTIGADORES
CHALUP Laura Maria Isabel
artículos
Título:
Structural karyotypic variability and polyploidy in natural populations of the South American Lathyrus nervosus Lam.(Fabaceae)
Autor/es:
CHALUP LAURA; GRABIELE MARINA; SOLIS NEFFA VIVIANA; SEIJO GUILLERMO
Revista:
PLANT SYSTEMATICS AND EVOLUTION
Editorial:
SPRINGER WIEN
Referencias:
Lugar: Viena; Año: 2012 vol. 275 p. 761 - 761
ISSN:
0378-2697
Resumen:
Knowledge of the chromosome variation in wild populations is essential to understand the pathways and restrictions of karyotype evolution in plants. The aim of this study is to conduct an intraspecific analysis of the karyotypes by fluorochrome banding and ribosomal DNA (rDNA) loci detection by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and of the meiotic behaviour in natural populations of Lathyrus nervosus, sect.  Notolathyrus. Chromosome banding showed that, despite the high constancy in the karyotype formula and in the rDNA loci among populations, there is intraspecific variation in the amount and distribution pattern of 4’,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI?) heterochromatin. However, those changes were not related to the total chromosome length of the haploid complements. This fact demonstrates that structural chromosome changes may be one of the most important mechanisms for karyotype variation among natural populations of L. nervosus. The chromosome number surveyed at the population level revealed the first case of polyploidy in South American species and the first case of uneven polyploidy of the genus. All the chromosome markers analysed indicated that the polyploids found originated by autopolyploidy. The meiotic analysis showed  different chromosome abnormalities that may be generating numerical and structural changes in the sporads. The finding of unreduced gametes that are alive at anthesis suggests sexual polyploidization as the most probable mechanism involved in the origin of these 3x and 4x autopolyploid cytotypes in L. nervosus.Lathyrus nervosus, sect.  Notolathyrus. Chromosome banding showed that, despite the high constancy in the karyotype formula and in the rDNA loci among populations, there is intraspecific variation in the amount and distribution pattern of 4’,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI?) heterochromatin. However, those changes were not related to the total chromosome length of the haploid complements. This fact demonstrates that structural chromosome changes may be one of the most important mechanisms for karyotype variation among natural populations of L. nervosus. The chromosome number surveyed at the population level revealed the first case of polyploidy in South American species and the first case of uneven polyploidy of the genus. All the chromosome markers analysed indicated that the polyploids found originated by autopolyploidy. The meiotic analysis showed  different chromosome abnormalities that may be generating numerical and structural changes in the sporads. The finding of unreduced gametes that are alive at anthesis suggests sexual polyploidization as the most probable mechanism involved in the origin of these 3x and 4x autopolyploid cytotypes in L. nervosus.
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