INVESTIGADORES
LOPES christian ariel
capítulos de libros
Título:
Cold-Adapted Yeasts as Biocontrol Agents: Biodiversity, Adaptation Strategies and Biocontrol Potential
Autor/es:
SANGORR├ŹN M.P.; LOPES C.A.; VERO S.; WISNIEWSKI M.
Libro:
Cold-adapted Yeasts: Biodiversity, Adaptation Strategies and Biotechnological Significance
Editorial:
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Referencias:
Año: 2014; p. 441 - 464
Resumen:
After harvest, many fruits are kept in cold storage in order to prolongtheir availability and shelf life. Often, this requires the application of a chemicalfungicide to prevent postharvest decay from decay fungi. An alternative approachfor preventing postharvest fungal decay during storage could be based on thetreatment of the commodity with antagonistic yeasts. In this regard, the use ofcold-adapted yeasts may offer a distinct advantage. Numerous cold-adapted yeastspecies have been isolated from artificial cold environments, as well as cold-storedfruits. Since the method employed to isolate potential antagonists has a majorimpact on the type and properties of the antagonist to be identified, it is importantto evaluate the consequences of the methods that are presently being utilized andto appraise whether or not they can be improved. Although the mechanism(s) bywhich yeast antagonists suppress postharvest diseases can be quite variable,competition for nutrients and space plays a major role in their antagonistic activity.Additionally, production of antibiotics, direct parasitism and the induction ofresistance in the harvested commodity are other modes of action that have beendocumented and suggested to play a role in how yeasts suppress postharvestpathogens in harvested fruits. While a few yeast-based products have been on themarket, this field of study is still in its infancy and it is likely that several new